- Leisure – free or unoccupied time
- Entertainment – something that serves for amusement
- Opportunity – a favorable position or chance
- Occupation – a job or profession
- Calm – not excited, nervous or troubled
- Intelligent – able to think, understand, and learn things quickly and well
- Brave – willing to do things witch are difficult or dangerous
- Independent – free from outside control
- Miniature – a model or copy of something on a very small scale
- Signature – the name of a person or a sign representing his name, marked by himself
- Adventure – an exciting or dangerous experience
- Gesture – a movement of part of the body to express an idea or meaning
- Tornado – a violent storm with very strong winds
- Flood – an overflow of a large amount of water beyond its normal limits
- Snowstorm – a heavy fall of snow, especially with a high wind
- Breeze – something that is dangerous for children
- Request – an act of asking politely or formally for something
- Refusal – an act of saying ‘no’ to an invitation, offer, etc.
- Advice – a suggestion about what somebody should do in a particular situation
- Response – a spoken or written answer
- Service – the action of helping or doing work for someone
- Catalogue – a book that contains pictures of things that are on sale
- Brand – a product or group of products that has its own name
- Purchase – something that you buy
- Lie – a statement that is not true
- Compliment – a polite expression of praise or admiration
- Flattery – a false insincere praise
- Prize – an award given to the winner
- Contract – a written legal agreement between two people or organizations
- Quarrel – an angry argument
- Discussion – the process of talking something over
- Trial – hearing and judging a person or case in a court
- Conversation – an informal talk between people
- Exclamation – an emphatic or excited cry
- Utterance – the act or process of speaking or expressing in words
- Argument – an exchange of opposite views, typically an angry one
- Ordinary – of common or established type, usual
- Strange – odd, unusual, or extraordinary
- Human – relating to or characterizing people
- Hostile – showing string dislike
Do you believe in life after death?
How much do you earn?
Have you ever broken the law?
Which political party do you vote for?
How many girlfriends you had?
Armenian holidays are packed with traditions, as anyone who knows anything about the Armenian culture can imagine. Armenians love to celebrate all holidays, and especially go all out for New Year’s. They also have unique holidays that commemorate important dates in Armenian history. Some holidays are even celebrated on different dates than they are in the Western world. Be sure to pay attention to when Armenian holidays are, because there’s no better time to visit Armenia than during the holidays! Even if you don’t understand the meaning, that’s fine; getting involved in all the festivities is sure to give you an experience that you won’t forget.
Armenian Holidays List (2019)
|January 1||New Year’s Day|
|January 5||Armenian Christmas Eve|
|January 6||Armenian Christmas|
|January 28||Armenian Army Day|
|February 6||Translators’ Day|
|March 8||International Women’s Day|
|April 7||Motherhood and Beauty Day|
|April 24||Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day|
|May 1||Labor Day|
|May 9||Victory and Peace Day|
|May 28||Republic Day|
|June 1||Children’s Day|
|July 5||Constitution Day|
|September 1||Knowledge and Literature Day|
|September 2||Artsakh Independence Day|
|September 21||Armenian Independence Day|
|December 7||Spitak Earthquake Remembrance Day|
|December 31||New Year’s Eve|
Armenian Public Holidays
Public holidays tend to be non-working days for Armenian citizens, and are filled with lots of activities. Here are descriptions of some of the most important public holidays in Armenia.
Armenians celebrate New Year’s at the same time as the rest of the world does- on January 1. Armenian children receive presents from Santa Claus- Dzmer Papik- on this day. New Year’s is a time when Armenians like to go all out. It’s mandatory for Armenian families to have a pig’s thigh- khozi bud- on the table. They also have salads, ttu (marinated vegetables), all kinds of cakes, dried fruits, and more. Armenians visit one another all until Armenian Christmas, which is on January 6th. It isn’t uncommon for there to be so many guests at your house that you don’t know what to do!
Armenian Army Day
This holiday, celebrated on January 28th, is in honor of the establishment of the Armenian Army in 1992. As a nation plagued by war over Artsakh, the army plays a very important role in the everyday lives of Armenians. There is no family who does not have relatives serving in the army, or worse- who does not know someone who died in the war. So, Armenians celebrate and honor the army with parades and a day off of work.
If you’re a woman, you’ll be bound to hear, “Congratulations on your one month” all throughout March and April. Women’s month kicks off in Armenia on March 8th, which is International Women’s Day. Women all over Armenia are given flowers and gifts by their male relatives and colleagues. One month later, April 7th, is celebrated as Mother’s Day. If you’re a man, make sure that you get the women in your life flowers, chocolates, or other small gifts, or else…!
Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day
Armenians commemorate the anniversary of the beginning of the Armenian Genocide on April 24th of every year. On this day in 1915, Armenian intellectuals were rounded up and killed in Constantinople, which is why Armenians commemorate it on this day. Armenians all over the world march in protests to demand recognition of the genocide, as well as hold commemorative masses and symposiums. In Armenia, people march to the Tsitsernakaberd Genocide Memorial and lay flowers by the eternal flame. A candlelight procession is held in the evening.
Armenian Independence Day is celebrated every year on September 21st. Armenia declared its independence from the Soviet Union back in 1991 and has been a republic ever since. Despite all the difficulties Armenia has faced since then, Armenians gather in Yerevan for parades, concerts, and other fun activities, and a fireworks show in the evening, to express their pride at finally being an independent country after centuries of statelessness.
Armenian Religious Holidays
Armenians are religious people, having been the first nation to declare Christianity their national religion in 301 AD. So, it is not surprising that Armenians have lots of religious holidays. Here, we will only talk about the most important ones.
Armenians, unlike Western Christians, do not celebrate Christmas on December 25th; they celebrate Christmas on January 6th. Once upon a time, all Christians celebrated Christmas on this date, but the day was changed by the Catholic Pope in order to override a holiday celebrating a pagan god. Armenia was unaffected by this change. Christmas in Armenia is celebrated for its religious aspect. Armenians do not eat meat beginning at sunset on January 5th, and then have a feast on January 6th. They also typically go to church on Christmas. Armenians greet each other starting on Christmas Eve with the saying- Kristos Tsnav ev Haytnetsav, Mez ev Dzez Mets Avetis– Christ is born and revealed, blessed is the revelation of Christ.
There are plenty of great reasons why you should spend Christmas in Armenia.
Trndez (Candlemas Day) is celebrated 40 days after Christmas, on Valentine’s Day. It’s particularly a great holiday for newly married couples, who receive gifts and jump over a fire together. It is originally a pagan holiday and symbolizes fertility and the upcoming spring.
Trndez frequently coincides with the feast day of the Armenian patron saint of love and youth, St. Sargis. People who are unmarried eat salty bread without drinking water, and then go to sleep. It’s said that they will receive a dream from St. Sargis where they will see their future husband or wife.
Armenians celebrate Easter on the same day as Western Christians. In 2019, Easter Sunday will be on April 21st. Armenians color eggs red before Easter to symbolize the blood of Christ. They also play a fun game with eggs- people go around the table cracking each other’s eggs together, and the one whose egg cracks loses. As with all other holidays, there is always a lot of food on the table, such as rice, fish, and sweet bread.
Armenians also go to church on this day, and greet each other with the saying: Kristos Haryav I Merelots, Orhnyal e Harutyune Kristosi- Christ has risen from the dead, blessed is the Resurrection of Christ.
And finally, one of the most beloved holidays in Armenia- Vardavar. As with many other religious holidays, Vardavar has its origins from pagan times, originally dedicated to the goddess of love, Astghik. Now, it is celebrated on the day of Christ’s Transfiguration, 14 weeks after Easter. In 2019, Vardavar will be celebrated on July 28th. Now, people all over Armenia enjoy splashing water on one another. Don’t expect to leave your house that day and stay dry. All throughout Yerevan, people splash others of all ages, in many unique ways. People in apartments splash those walking down below. Children gather to splash one another. This is a fun holiday that especially helps people to cool down during the hot summer. Many people particularly try to go to Armenia to partake in Vardavar.
Armenian holidays are fun and special occasions for all. It seems as though Armenians live for the holidays. There are lots of cool events throughout the year to participate in while in Armenia. Don’t feel bad if you don’t understand everything- Armenians are very hospitable people and will make sure to make the experience memorable for you too.
Tea is one of the most popular drinks in the world. You make it by pouring hot water over the dried leaves of a tea plant. For centuries people believed that teas could cure illnesses, they used it as medicine. Today scientists know that tea contains chemicals that prevent cells from dying. Most teas have caffeine in them, a substance that makes you feel more active. Some people have problems drinking tea because it can cause sleeplessness.
The tea plant grows best in tropical and temperate places where rain falls throughout the year. Tea can be grown from sea level to about 2,000 metres, but the best quality grows in higher regions.
Tea comes from the leaves and buds of tea plants. Wild plants can be up to 9 metres high but on tea plantations they are cut back to a bush of about a metre in height so that workers can pluck the leaves easily. The plant produces pointed, leathery dark leaves, small white flowers and seeds that look like hazelnuts. It takes a plant three to five years before is ready for plucking.
A plucker can harvest about 20kg of tea a day. On large tea plantations the leaves are harvested by machines, but the quality of tea is higher when the leaves are hand-plucked.
Types of tea
The most common types of tea are black and green tea. They come from the same plant but are processed differently.
Workers take the leaves and spread them out on shelves where they can dry. Next, they are rolled and broken into pieces and put into a room where they absorb oxygen. Chemical reactions change the taste and character of the tea. Finally, the leaves are dried with hot air until they turn brownish-black. Most black tea comes from Sri Lanka, Indonesia and eastern Africa.
To make green tea, workers put the freshly picked leaves into a steamer, which keeps them green. Then they are crushed and dried in ovens. Japan is the biggest producers of green tea.
Tea can be bought in many forms – leaves, powder or tea bags. Some of them are added with flavours, like vanilla, orange or lemon. Although most people drink their tea hot, many enjoy iced tea, especially during the summer months.
Black tea is brewed by pouring water over a teaspoon of tea. The tea should soak for three to five minutes before you drink it. Green tea should be left in water longer. Instead of putting tea leaves into a pot people often put tea bags into a cup.
People first drank tea in China about 5000 years ago. Originally it was used as a medicine, then as a daily drink. It spread to Japan in the 3rd century A.D. Dutch and Portuguese traders brought tea from eastern Asia to Europe in the 1600s.
In 1657 the beverage was sold for the first time in coffee houses in Great Britain. When the English started a tradition of tea drinking in the afternoon it became England’s national drink. In the 17th and 18th centuries tea spread to British colonies overseas.
In 1767 Great Britain placed a tax on tea imported by American colonists. During the Boston Tea Party of 1773 they were so angry that they threw a ship full of British tea into the harbour to protest British rule. Two years later the American Revolutionary War started.
Today about 3.3 million tons of tea are produced. India, with its famous tea growing regions like Darjeeling and Assam, and China produce about half of the world’s tea. It also grows in many other parts of Asia, especially in Sri Lanka and Indonesia. In the course of time growing tea has spread to countries in Eastern Europe, Africa and South America.